This post is in response to a pro-abortion advocate who insists human fetus are homo sapiens but not yet human beings until they are born.[which I find common misinformed logic among those who support abortion,they attempt to dehumanize the preborn in order to justify the indefensible.] I attempt to counter her claim with facts from medical and legal definitions to embryology and explain how protection of human rights is seen internationally as inherent from conception. However, sadly for reasons unknown, these treaties and crimes against humanity have been ignored or unenforced, particularly in the United States.
@woolybumblebee of the blog Is God a Squirrel? writes:
The Pro-Life Debate, and Why it is Flawed: "I have encountered many pro-life people in my lifetime, and many of them tend to argue the same point over and over. Their main argument against abortion is that a fetus is a "human being", and therefor should be granted the right to be born, and not aborted. The right to life."
@woolybumblebee further claims in her post these definitions for human,human being and species:
Being a "human being" is distinguished from other animals characterized by superior mental development, power of articulate speech, and upright stance.She bases this analysis based on these definitions:
Human: The label given to the species of said mammal.
Human Being: Distinguished from other animals characterized by superior mental development, power of articulate speech, and upright stance. Of the species Homo Sapiens
Species: Having or showing characteristics regarded as distinguishing humans from other animals. It is the most basic unit or category of biological classification, which is the systematic arrangement of similar entities on the basis of certain differing characteristics and the basis of their relationships.
Now lets look at terminology comparing the meanings of "Human", "Human Being", "Species", and "Fetus".
1. A member of the genus Homo and especially of the species H. sapiens.
2. of, characterizing, or relating to man and mankind (Human Nature)
3. having the attributes of man as opposed to animals, divine beings, or machines;
a. kind or considerate
human being; homo, man, human (any man, woman, or child, living or extinct member of the family Hominidae distinguished from other animals characterized by superior mental development, power of articulate speech, and upright stance. Of the species Homo sapiens,
1. The unborn young of a viviparous vertebrate having a basic structural resemblance to the adult animal.
2. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth, as distinguished from the earlier embryo.
3. The unborn offspring of a mammal at the later stages of its development, especially a human from eight weeks after fertilization to its birth. In a fetus, all major body organs are present.
My response to the above blog post tweeted to me last night from @woolybumblebee follows:
I respectfully must disagree. If a fetus is a human species of human parents,then they are a human being& the level of their development should not deny them of human rights and the right to life. That is discrimination.
You said:consciousness and ability to respond to one's environment is the key to being a human being.
I disagree with this point because people in coma have no conscience but are still human beings.We were all fetus,embryo,blastocyst at one time, if we were not given the right to live none of us would be here. Thankfully, not all of us believe that we don't have a right to life until born. The mere fact that we are human species and human beings in the womb proves we are the same persons we become outside the womb that we were inside,just more developed;this is why feticide laws protect the preborn, because if someone assaults/kills a pregnant woman& or the fetus dies it is double homicide or feticide. The taking of the fetus life;takes away his/her right to life.
Just because mammals may resemble one another at early stages of development still does not give us reason to kill other humans because of the way they look[or their level of development]. That is how we all looked and the level of function we all were at that stage of our life. If someone terminates the fetus they are not given the chance to live& develop into the full infant,child,teen,adult they would become, as any living woman was given. Without the right to life& the continuation of our species we will die out. Nations such as China& India have chosen gendercide,because of this they have a low female population. Worldwide there have been 163M females aborted;without women there will be no more civilization.
Sadly, prenatal testing has led to the slaughter of millions of children based on sex,disability or some other anomaly. A humane society should be protecting the defenseless not killing them for convenience or because they are less developed humans.
To further elaborate on my comments, I want to add the following:
The other thing she ignores is the fact that based on the definition of a fetus:
In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth, as distinguished from the earlier embryo.
This clearly tells us the fetus is a human being and the unborn young of human beings, because they are human. Therefore, the level of developmental ability is not required to be a human being. The level of function at that stage of development is consistent with all human beings at that stage of life.
In addition, according to the English definition of human being:
n.The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company
The term human and human being are interchangeable. Now on to the legal term for person, which many proabort advocates claim the human fetus are not yet persons/people until they are born:
PERSON. This word is applied to men, women and children, who are called natural persons. In law, man and person are not exactly synonymous terms. Any human being is a man, whether he be a member of society or not, whatever may be the rank he holds, or whatever may be his age, sex...Natural persons are divided into males, or men; and females or women.
A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.Therefore, because the species& gender of a fetus can be determined through DNA and ultrasound, they are either female or male, thus legally natural persons and they are legally human beings regardless of age or gender.
Additionally, because a human fetus is a homo sapien and the offspring of human beings, they are legally persons:
person n. 1) a human being.
Copyright © 1981-2005 by The People's Law Dictionary Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.
Scientifically a fetus is a human being and a person because a human fetus becomes a person once the ovum is fertilized by the sperm;DNA proves fetus are alive and of human species. The medical definition of a fetus,in humans, is seen again below:
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionaryfetus fe·tus (fē'təs)
n. pl. fe·tus·es
- The unborn young of a viviparous vertebrate having a basic structural resemblance to the adult animal.
- In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after conception to themoment of birth.
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Here are more definitions and resources to establish that a human fetus is a human being/person entitled to human rights,including the right to life:
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical DictionaryMedical Dictionaryperson per·son (pûr'sən)
- A living human.
- The composite of characteristics that make up an individual personality; the self.
- The living body of a human.
- Physique and general appearance.
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995
Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law, © 1996 Merriam-Webster, Inc.Legal Dictionary
Main Entry: per·son
1 : NATURAL PERSON
2 : the body of a human being; also : the body and clothing of a human being person>
3 : one (as a human being or corporation) that is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties —see also JURIDICAL PERSON, LEGAL PERSON, PERSONALITY — per·son·hood noun
You were (at conception), and are, a
human being. Dr. Jerome Lejeune,
The Father of Modern Genetics
fetus (fē'təs) Pronunciation Key
The unborn offspring of a mammal at the later stages of its development, especially a human from eight weeks after fertilization to its birth. In a fetus, all major body organs are present.
fetal adjective The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
Fetus specifically : a developing human from usually two months after conception to birth compare EMBRYO
Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, © 2007 Merriam-Webster, Inc.
1350–1400; Middle English & Latin fētus bringing forth of young, hence that which is born, offspring, young still in the womb
KeithLMoore,PhD andT.V.N.Persaud MD have a great book on embryology, entitled the Developing Human, explaining the scientific and medical definitions and stages of human development which confirms we are human beings from our biological beginning.
Here is a preview:
TVN-Persaud-MD-PhD-The Developing Human
HUMAN LIFE begins
w/fertilization;when sperm& oocyte[egg] unite
to form a new organism,the
zygote.Langman’s Medical Embryology
Finally, Internationally the UN Declaration of Human Rights also declared in 1948 that a fetus has human rights under the charter of The World Medical Association of Geneva,Physicians oath, recognizes the fetus has human rights from conception.
Additionally, according to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 Article 33 states: No protected person may be punished for an offense he or she has not personally committed-Fourth Geneva Convention 1949 Article 33. Abortion clearly executes/punishes a living person/human being in the womb who has committed no crime.
In addition, The American Convention on Human Rights treaty signed by former President Jimmy Carter in 1977 says:
Article 1(2)says:For the purpose of this Convention, 'person' means every human being&
Article 4(1)of The American Convention on Human Rights says:Every person has the right to have his life respected. This right shall be protected by law& in general,from the moment of conception.
Therefore,under this legally signed treaty by a former President, and based on science,legal& medical definitions above, human fetus have human rights and are protected as persons. Sadly, for unknown reasons,Congress has not yet signed on to this International Treaty,but it is said to be legally binding since it is a signed treaty. The abortion lobbyists are most likely behind the treaty not getting signed, since in 1973 the Supreme Court ruled on Roe V Wade&the US has ignored this 1977 treaty, along with the medical and scientific definitions of what constitutes a human being/person.
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